Menstrual cramps are the cramping pain in the lower abdomen that is caused before and during the periods. Such cramps range from dull to severe that can interfere with everyday activities. Few women feel less discomfort but most of them suffer from extreme pain sensations during menstrual periods.

Learning about the main facts of what causes the pain can help you to know when you should consult with a Gynecologist.

Let’s check out:


Causes and Treatments of the Menstrual Cramps

1- Adenomyosis

The inner lining of the uterus grows in the muscular walls of the uterus. It is not that harmful, but it can cause severe pain and develop heavier bleeding during the periods. Artificial sugars, yeast-based products, bananas, dairy, etc., can cause Adenomyosis. Most women in their 40s or 50s suffer from Adenomyosis disease and have severe pain.


  • Heavier menstrual bleeding than usual
  • Pelvic pain
  • Sharp cramping
  • Severe pain during intercourse


According to the best gynecologist in Peshawar often prescribes the intake of anti-inflammatory drugs or hormone medications to treat the causes of severe menstrual cramps.


2- Cervical Stenosis

It is the condition in which a woman has not a large enough spinal canal for nerve roots and spinal cords. Such a small opening of the cervix allows the menstrual flow, but its pressure increases the pain. Women who are suffering from Cervical Stenosis should avoid high-impact exercises but can try swimming, cycling, etc.


  • Loss Bladder Control
  • Tripping while walking
  • Shoulder and Neck Pain
  • Hands or Arms Stiffness


To keep the pain at bay, there are some exercises. Most of the victims live a normal life without undergoing any surgical issues.


3- Endometriosis

Endometriosis is often caused by retrograde menstrual flow. Through the fallopian, tissues often shed into other areas of the body during menstrual period flow. It is also the reason behind the menstrual cramps and can disturb routine activities.



  • Pain while urinating
  • Constipation
  • Blood in urine
  • Pain during and after the intercourse
  • Severe Periods of pain
  • Lower tummy pain
  • Diarrhea


There is no cure, but a specialist helps the patient relieve the pain through medicines and surgery.

4- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

It is an infection that is caused by sexually transmitted bacteria. Untreated PID leads to permanent damage, and it causes the scar tissues of infected fluids. Abnormal vaginal discharge is also a symptom that shows you have PID.


  • Vomiting
  • Chills
  • Tenderness in Stomach
  • Burning during pee
  • Having pain during intercourse
  • Yellow or green discharge with a usual odor


At its initial stage, PID is cured by medications or antibiotics. Victims often neglect the symptoms, and it causes more complications.


5- Uterine fibroids

This disease is caused by the noncancerous growth of the uterus during the childbirth period. It rarely becomes the reason to cause cancer.

Women often feel pressure in their lower abdomen or pelvis. It also does not allow the patients to lie face down or exercise. Consulting a Gynecologist can reduce the pain.



Your specialist will check the size of the fibroids and the location to plan your treatment.

OTC pain medications, iron supplements, etc., are the initial stage treatments.

We can’t live a healthy life routine with severe menstrual cramps because they can occur from infections. A normal pain during periods is known as primary dysmenorrhea and the pain that is caused by an infection, bacteria, or any medical problem is known as secondary dysmenorrhea. During the menstrual cycle, women also suffer from:

  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Bloating
  • Loose Stool
  • Pain in Thighs
  • Sweating

Ways to Stop the Menstrual Pain

  • Exercise
  • Apply heat
  • Intake of herbal teas
  • More water
  • Anti-inflammatory foods
  • Skip treats

Will Menstrual Cramps Go Away on Their Own?

If you have primary dysmenorrhea, then there is no need to get worried. Pain killers can help you to reduce cramps. In case the menstrual cramps turn severe and sharp, it is time to go and talk with your Gynecologist. Children's medical hospital also has some specialists who guide that every person should see a specialist discuss a disease in a particular area of the body. Women must visit a Gynecologist to maintain a hormone balance and learn ways to stop menstrual pain.

Author Bio:

Faisal is a medical researcher and writer. He loves blogging about healthcare. I would love to connect with everyone here. His main interest lies in spreading awareness of the common healthcare issues by learning and sharing more about human life every day.

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